Bill Walsh won three Superbowls with the San Francisco 49ers. When he took over as head coach in 1979 they were arguably the worst team in American football history. Within two years they were the best. This sympathetic and honest book, published after Walsh’s death in 2007, but largely in his own words, explains in detail the methods he used to achieve extraordinary success. MORE
Essentials for the warm-up
One of the key influences you have on your team is in the hour or so before the match. Learn how to maximise that time to bring the best out of your players and get them flying from the first whistle.
ACTIVATE THE MIND AND MUSCLES
“You must open the motor-neural pathways for the game. That means running through the same body actions as the game, at close to the same speed,” says Chris Jones, a coach with extensive rugby experience but now national endurance coach for Athletics Ireland.
Olympic gold medallists from the pool or velodrome warm up with flat-out swims or cycle sprints. The brain and muscles are engaged together, activating them for competition.
Short bursts of activity are intense enough to burn off some anaerobic energy (the capacity to run fast for short distances) but not to dip too much into the aerobic energy levels. Rest and refuelling quickly returns the player to game readiness.
“Avoid too much low-level running, though,” adds Jones. “Look at the activities you’re doing in the warm-up and make sure players aren’t covering long distances.”
KEEP IT SHORT AND FUNCTIONAL
“I like to keep on-pitch warm-up time to a minimum,” says Huw Bevan, the Ospreys’ strength and conditioning coach before swapping sports to do the same role for the England cricket team. “About 30 minutes is enough time to get ready, with a mix of skills, functional warm-ups and run-throughs.”
- Skills: players split into their units to work on areas like throwing in, lifting, kicking, clearance passing, catching the high ball, and box kicks.
- Functional stretching and exercises: this means going through the range of body movements that’s likely to happen in the game. It includes footwork, contact and passing. Increase the intensity.
- Run-throughs: this builds to game intensity and gets the players out of breath. Focus on a couple of key areas, such as attacking sequences and defensive patterns.
Ensure the players know the routines you’ll be using on match day. Bevan varies the exercises each week, keeping players fresh and their minds switched on.
You needn’t run through every aspect of the game plan before the match. “A couple of lineout plays and scrums, with some defensive organisation, should be ample to switch players on and reinforce themes from training,” says Bevan.
OTHER WARM-UP TIPS
- If it’s raining, do as much as possible inside and then go out for the intense bursts. Players must get their minds right for playing in wet weather but shouldn’t get too cold. When they return to the changing rooms, they should change into dry kit for the start of the game.
- Keep individuals as part of the team. To an extent, every player has his own routine in the warm-up. Allow time for these players to prepare themselves, but make sure it doesn’t have a negative impact on other players or the team.
- Don’t look to “win” the warm-up. Whilst a psychological advantage can sometimes be gained in the warm-up by appearing organised and professional, focus on what’s required for your team to perform in the game. Concentrate on functional activities and monitor intensity and duration.